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Contents

  1. Result List
  2. Private-sector adaptation to climate risk | Nature Climate Change
  3. The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2010
  4. Measuring the enabling environment for public-private partnerships in infrastructure

Korea, Rep. High income Highincome group 1, 8. Kuwait High income Highincome group 2. Finance and banking Liechtenstein High income Highincome group 1, 8. Luxembourg High income Highincome group 1, 8. Electric power consumption kWh per capita 15, 14, Power outages in firms a typical month number.. Time to start a business days..

Procedures to start a business number.. Firing cost weeks of wages Resolving insolvency years.. Power outages in firms a typical month number.. Malta High income Highincome group 1, 8. Micronesia, Fed. Monaco High income Highincome group 1, 8. Mobile cellular subscriptions per people..

Internet users per people.. Nepal South Asia Low income Lowincome group Netherlands High income Highincome group 1, 8. New Caledonia High income Highincome group 0. New Zealand High income Highincome group 1, 8. Firing cost weeks of wages Resolving insolvency years 1. Northern Mariana Islands High income Highincome group 0. Norway High income Highincome group 1, 8. Oman High income Highincome group 1, 8. Poland High income Highincome group 1, 8. Portugal High income Highincome group 1, 8. Electric power consumption kWh per capita 4, 4, Power outages in firms a typical month number.. Puerto Rico High income Highincome group 1, 8.

Qatar High income Highincome group 1, 8. San Marino High income Highincome group 1, 8. Power outages in firms a typical month number 7. Saudi Arabia High income Highincome group 1, 8. Singapore High income Highincome group 1, 8. Sint Maarten Dutch part High income Highincome group 0.

Result List

Slovak Republic High income Highincome group 1, 8. Slovenia High income Highincome group 1, 8. Spain High income Highincome group 1, 8. Martin French part High income Highincome group 0. Sweden High income Highincome group 1, 8. Switzerland High income Highincome group 1, 8. Enterprise surveys 4.

Private-sector adaptation to climate risk | Nature Climate Change

Trinidad and Tobago High income Highincome group 1, 8. Finance and banking 5. Turks and Caicos Islands High income Highincome group 0. Mobile cellular subscriptions per people 4. United Arab Emirates High income Highincome group 1, 8. United Kingdom High income Highincome group 1, 8.

United States High income Highincome group 1, 8. Virgin Islands U. High income Highincome group 0. Yemen, Rep. Private sector investment 1, , Invest. Glossary Agriculture value added is the net output of agriculture International Standard Industrial Classification divisions 15, including forestry and fishing after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs. World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Bank capital to asset ratio is the ratio of bank capital and reserves to total assets.

Capital and reserves include funds contributed by owners, retained earnings, general and special reserves, provisions, and valuation adjustments.

Capital includes tier 1 capital paid-up shares and common stock , which is a common feature in all countries banking systems, and total regulatory capital, which includes several specified types of subordinated debt instruments that need not be repaid if the funds are required to maintain minimum capital levels these comprise tier 2 and tier 3 capital.

Total assets include all nonfinancial and financial assets. International Monetary Fund Bank nonperforming loans to total gross loans ratio is the value of nonperforming loans divided by the total value of the loan portfolio including nonperforming loans before the deduction of specific loan loss provisions.

The loan amount recorded as nonperforming should be the gross value of the loan as recorded on the balance sheet, not just the amount that is overdue. International Monetary Fund Delay in obtaining an electrical connection is the average wait, in days, to obtain an electrical connection from the day an establishment applies for it to the day it receives the service.

The Little Data Book on Private Sector Development 2010

World Bank Deposit money banks assets are claims on the domestic real nonfinancial sector by deposit money banks. International Monetary Fund Domestic credit to the private sector is financial resources provided to the private sectorsuch as through loans, purchases of nonequity securities, and trade credits and other accounts receivablethat establish a claim for repayment.

For some countries these claims include credit to public enterprises. International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Ease of doing business index ranks economies from 1 to , with 1 being the best. A high ranking means that a countrys regulatory environment is conducive to business operation.

The index ranks the simple average of a countrys percentile rankings on 10 topics covered in Doing Business The ranking on each topic is the simple average of the percentile rankings on its component indicators. Data listed for are for June World Bank Electric power consumption is the production of power plants and combined heat and power plants minus transmission, distribution, and transformation losses and own use by heat and power plants. International Energy Agency. Glossary Exchange rate is the exchange rate determined by national authorities or the rate determined in the legally sanctioned exchange market.

It is calculated in local currency units relative to the U. International Monetary Fund Exports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services provided to the rest of the world. They include the value of merchandise, freight, insurance, transport, travel, royalties, license fees, and other services, such as communication, construction, financial, information, business, personal, and government services. They exclude compensation of employees and investment income formerly called factor services as well as transfer payments.

World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Firing cost is the cost of advance notice requirements, severance payments, and penalties due when terminating a redundant worker, expressed in weekly wages.

Measuring the enabling environment for public-private partnerships in infrastructure

World Bank Firms expected to give gifts in meetings with tax officials are the percentage of firms that report that a gift or informal payment is expected or requested during a meeting with tax officials. World Bank Firms using banks to finance investments are the percentage of firms using banks to finance purchases of fixed assets. World Bank GDP growth is the annual percentage growth rate of gross domestic product GDP at market prices based on constant local currency.

Aggregates are based on constant U. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without deducting for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources.

GNI is the sum of value added by all resident producers plus any product taxes minus any subsidies not included in the valuation of output plus net receipts of primary income compensation of employees and property income from abroad. GNI, calculated in national currency, is usually converted to U. To smooth fluctuations in prices and exchange rates, the World Bank Atlas method is used; it averages the exchange rate for a given year and the two preceding years, adjusted for differences in rates of inflation between the country and the Euro area, Japan, the United Kingdom, and the United States.

World Bank. Glossary Government cash surplus or deficit is revenue including grants minus expense and net acquisition of nonfinancial assets. International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Government debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as loans, currency and money deposits, and securities other than shares.

It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. International Monetary Fund, World Bank, and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Gross fixed capital formation includes land improvements fences, ditches, drains, and so on ; plant, machinery, and equipment purchases; and the construction of roads, railways, and the like, including schools, offices, hospitals, private residential dwellings, and commercial and industrial buildings.

According to the System of National Accounts, net acquisition of valuables is also considered capital formation. World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Gross fixed private capital formation is gross outlays by the private sector including private nonprofit organizations on additions to its fixed domestic assets.

Acknowledgements

World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Imports of goods and services are the value of all goods and other market services received from the rest of the world. World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Industry value added is the net output of industry International Standard Industrial Classification divisions , including mining, manufacturing, construction, electricity, water, and gas after totaling outputs and subtracting intermediate inputs.

World Bank and Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development Inflation is the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used. International Monetary Fund. Glossary Interest rate spread is the interest rate charged by banks on loans to prime customers minus the interest rate paid by commercial or similar banks for demand, time, or savings deposits.

International Monetary Fund Internet users are individuals who have used the Internet in any location with a device such as a computer, smartphone, or digital television in the last 12 months via a fixed or mobile network. The Internet provides access to the worldwide network. International Telecommunication Union Investment in infrastructure with private participation is the value of infrastructure projects in telecommunications, energy electricity and natural gas transmission and distribution , transport, and water and sanitation that have reached financial closure and directly or indirectly serve the public, including operation and management contracts with major capital expenditure, greenfield projects in which a private entity or public-private joint venture builds and operates a new facility , and divestitures.


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